Economy on course for record growth in 2021

Companies in Coventry and Warwickshire could see record levels of economic growth during 2021.

The British Chambers of Commerce (BCC) has released its latest economic forecast which predicts UK GDP growth for 2021 of 6.8%, which if realised would be the strongest outturn since official records began in 1949.

If covid restrictions continue to be released, UK GDP growth will be strongest over the second and third quarters of the year and is then expected to return to its pre-pandemic level in the first quarter of 2022 with growth of 5.1% projected for next year.

The BCC forecast assumes that the UK Government’s roadmap out of lockdown restrictions proceeds as currently planned.

Consumer spending is expected to be the main driver of this year’s economic rebound. The release of pent-up demand as restrictions ease and the rapid vaccine rollout is forecast to drive the strongest growth in spending since 1998, as consumers spend some of their ‘unanticipated’ savings accumulated during lockdowns.

Business investment is forecast to rebound strongly in 2021 and 2022, driven by a boost from the reopening of the economy and the introduction of the super-deduction incentive. However, business investment is projected to slow sharply in 2023 as the super-deduction incentive ends and corporation tax increases.

Despite the immediate boost to UK GDP, the BCC’s latest outlook projects an uneven recovery. Output from catering and hospitality, some of the sectors hardest hit by the pandemic, are forecast to only return to pre-pandemic levels in the second quarter of 2023. In contrast, manufacturing output is projected to return to its pre-pandemic level in the third quarter of this year.

UK unemployment is projected to remain at a much lower level than in recent recessions. The UK’s unemployment rate is expected to peak at 6.0% and youth unemployment at 15.6% in the fourth quarter of 2021, after the furlough scheme expires.

Youth unemployment is expected to lag the wider recovery with the UK’s youth unemployment rate projected to average 10.1 percentage points higher than the overall unemployment rate across the forecast period, a quarter (25%) higher than the pre-covid average (7.6 percentage points).

Trade is projected to make a negative contribution over the forecast period. This largely reflects an anticipated decline in exports to the EU with post-Brexit disruption and the weak near-term outlook for the euro area expected to weigh on EU demand for UK goods and services.

Sean Rose, head of policy at the Coventry and Warwickshire Chamber of Commerce, said: “The short-term outlook for the economy is very strong if the Government roadmap out of restrictions holds up. However, if there is a change of course, the BCC will have to revise its forecasts.

“And, while the short-term recovery looks extremely positive, the Coronavirus pandemic will leave its mark on the economy for many years to come and the Government must be ready to support businesses in the medium to long-term to build a sustainable recovery after the initial pent-up demand has subsided.”

Suren Thiru, Head of Economics at the British Chambers of Commerce, said: “Our latest outlook points to a historically robust short-term outlook for the UK economy.

“The UK economy is in a temporary sweet spot with the boost from the release of pent-up demand, if restrictions ease as planned, and ongoing government support expected to drive a substantial summer revival in economic activity, underpinned by the rapid vaccine rollout.

“Beyond the strong short-term outlook, notable economic scarring from the pandemic is projected to weigh on economic activity once government support winds down and drive an uneven recovery across different sectors and groups of people.

“The UK economy is expected to be increasingly unbalanced through the forecast period with a growing dependence on consumer expenditure to drive growth, while net trade is projected to be a drag on the economy. Such economic imbalances leave the UK more exposed to future economic shocks.

“The risks to the outlook are on the downside. A more significant surge in inflation would weigh on a consumer led revival by eroding their spending power. The squeeze on activity and the damage to confidence from a marked delay to the planned full reopening or further measures to combat new covid variants would materially slow the recovery.”

Hannah Essex, Co-Executive Director the British Chambers of Commerce, added: “The UK economy, and the business communities that drive it, are showing their propensity to bounce back from a crisis. Historic levels of growth for this year are predicted, a testament to the flexibility and innovation shown by businesses and the resilience of consumers.

“However, we must not believe that this represents job done. These predictions rely upon the Government hitting its target date for the full re-opening of the economy. If there are bumps in the road, the government must be prepared to extend existing support until all sectors are able to fully trade again.

“Beyond the immediate optimism, further action will be needed if we are to see a recovery which truly sustains itself and seizes the opportunity to rebuild and renew our economy.

“Young people now entering the workforce and those who lost jobs during the pandemic are at particular risk of longer-term unemployment. As the economy emerges from the pandemic, we need to create a dynamic and flexible skills system that meets the needs of local employers and supports individuals looking to return to the jobs market.

“The government cannot afford to ignore the economic impact of decreased exports to Europe. The UK and the EU must now get back around the table and continue talks so they can build upon the arrangements set out in the TCA to deliver long-term improvements to the flow of trade between them.”